In 1840, Iowa City became the first capitol of the state of Iowa. Read its history.
The University of Iowa is a major, national research university located on a 1,900-acre campus in Iowa City in southeast Iowa, on the Iowa River near the intersection of U.S. Interstate Highways 80 and 380. Iowa is composed of 11 colleges, the largest of which is the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, enrolling most of Iowa's undergraduates. The Henry B. Tippie College of Business, the Roy J. and Lucille A. Carver College of Medicine, and the Colleges of Education, Engineering, Law, Nursing, and Pharmacy also enroll undergraduates. The Colleges of Dentistry and Public Health provide graduate education in conjunction with the Graduate College.
More than 30,500 students enroll at Iowa each year. Some 60% come from Iowa, 24% from adjoining states, and 8% from the remaining states. International students from 113 countries make up 7% of the University's enrollment. The faculty numbers about 1,700 and there are about 13,000 staff. There are more than 120 major buildings, most of them within walking distance of one another. Adding to the population are more than a million visitors each year who come to enjoy cultural events and art exhibits, to attend Big Ten athletic events, and to participate in conferences and programs scheduled at the University year-round.
Established in 1847, Iowa has won international recognition for achievements in the arts, sciences, and humanities. Iowa was the first U.S. public university to admit men and women on an equal basis and the first institution of higher education in the nation to accept creative work in theater, writing, music, and art as theses for advanced degrees. It established the first law school and the first educational radio station west of the Mississippi, broadcast the world's first educational television programs, and continues to hold preeminence in educational testing (which was developed here).
The University has world-renowned research programs in genetics, hydraulics, and speech and hearing, and it has recorded major innovations in agricultural medicine, bio-catalysis, biomedical engineering, biomedical sciences, and pharmacology education. Its graduate programs in audiology, printmaking, creative writing, speech-language pathology, and nursing service administration are first-ranked. Iowa scientists, including the late James Van Allen, have been pioneers in space research, designing and building research instruments for more than 50 successful U.S. satellites and space probes. The University of Iowa operates one of the nation's most advanced and comprehensive university-owned teaching hospitals. It also has developed the most technically advanced driving simulator in the world.