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Frank L. Schmidt

Professor Emeritus - May 2012


Management & Organizations
W316  John Pappajohn Bus Bldg
The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242-1994
Ph: 319-335-0855
Fax: 319-335-1956
E-mail: frank-schmidt@uiowa.edu
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Academic History

  • PhD in Industrial Psychology, Purdue University, 1970
  • MS in Industrial Psychology, Purdue University, 1968
  • BA in Psychology, Bellarmine College, 1966

Expertise

  • Employment testing (particularly validity generalization)
  • Kinds and organizations of human abilities
  • Measurement issues in social science research; implications of same for scientific parsimony.
  • Quantitative Research Methods (including meta-analysis)
  • Racial and sex differences in the workplace
  • Relation of selection and other personnel programs to workforce productivity and output

Awards

  • 2013 Gold Medal Lifetime Achievement Award for Applications of Psychology, American Psychological Foundation , August 2013
  • 2013 Ingram Olkin Award for contributions to meta-analysis methods , Society for Research Synthesis Methods, June 2013
  • 2013 Frederick Mosteller Award for Distinctive Contributions to Methods for Systematic Reviewing of Research Findings, Campbell Collaboration, May 2013
  • Deans Teaching Award, Tippie College of Business, March 2011
  • Thomas A. Mahoney Student Mentorship Award, Academy of Management, Human Resources Division, February 2011
  • Distinguished Research Contributor Interviewee, International Society for Intelligence Research, December 2010
  • Anne Anastasi Memorial Lecturer for 2009, Fordham Univeristy, October 2009
  • Graduate College Outstanding Mentor Award: Social Science, U. of Iowa Graduate College, November 2008
  • 99th Percentile in Citation Rate, Journal of Management, August 2008
  • James McKeen Cattell Award for Scientific Contributions to Applied Psychology. From the Association for Psychological Science, 2007., Association for Psychological Science, May 2008
  • 2007 Career Award for Scientific Contributions. Awarded by the Association of Test Publishers. Presented February 6, 2007, in Palm Springs, CA., Association of Test Publishers, March 2007
  • Michael R. Losey Human Resource Award, Society for Human Resource Management (SHRM), June 2005
  • Moskowitz Prize , Moskowitz Financial Organization, November 2004
  • Outstanding Publication in Organizational Behavior Award. Presented for research paper published with James Harter and Ted Hayes using data from the Gallup Organization. Presented by the Organizational Behavior Division of the Academy of Management., Academy of Management, Organizational Behavior Division, 2003
  • Distinguished Career Achievement Award, Academy of Management, Research Methods Division, 2002
  • Distinguished Service Award for Research, U.S. Office of Personnel Management, April 2002
  • Heneman Distinguished Career Achievement Award, Academy of Management, Human Resources Division, 1995
  • Distinguished Scientific Contributions Award, Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology (SIOP), April 1995
  • Distinguished Scientific Contributions Award, American Psychological Association, May 1994
  • Cattell Research Design Award, American Psychological Association, Division of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 1976
  • Earnest Myers Research Award, Kentucky Psychological Association, May 1966

Selected Publications

  • "Can do" vs. "Will Do": The relative effects of ACT scores and high school GPA on college performance and retention, Frank L. Schmidt, P. Westrick, S. Robbins, J. Radunzel
  • A general theoretical integrative model of the individual differences variables of abilities and interests and achievement: A commentary on four recent articles , Frank L. Schmidt, Perspectives on Psychological Science , 2013 - Publication Details Forthcoming
  • Are true scores and constructs the same? A critical examination of their sbustitutability and the implications for research results, Frank L. Schmidt, Huy Le, In-Sue Oh, International Journal of Selection and Assessment , vol 21, 2013, 341-354
  • Methods for Second Order Meta-Analysis and Illustrative Applications, Frank L. Schmidt, In-Sue Oh, Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, vol 121, 2013, 204-218
  • Multivariate range restriction corrections in sequential selection: A simulation study of a new method, Frank L. Schmidt, Richard McLellan, Huy A. Le
  • The validity and utility of selection methods in personnel psychology: An update 10 years later, Frank L. Schmidt, In-Sue Oh, Jonathon Shaffer
  • Visual skills and Chinese reading acquistion: A meta-analysis of correlational evidence, L-Y Yang, J. P. Guo, L. C. Richman, Frank L. Schmidt, Y. Ding, K. C. Gerken, Educational Psychology Review , vol 25, 2013, 115 - 143
  • I-O psychologists and intelligence research: Active, aware, and applied, Frank L. Schmidt, Postlethwiate B. , Gulik T. , Industrial and Organizational Psychology: Perspectives on Research and Practice, vol 5, 2012, 190 - 192
  • Cognitive tests used in selection can have content validity as well as criterion validity: A broader research review and implications for practice, Frank L. Schmidt, International Journal of Selection and Assessment, vol 20, 2012, 1 - 13
  • Content validity and cognitive tests: Response to Kehoe (2012), Ployhart (2012), and Sackett (2012) , Frank L. Schmidt, International Journal of Selection and Assessment, vol 20, 2012, 28 - 35
  • The Methodological and Conceptual Basis for Estimation of Correlations between Constructs: Implications for Construct Validity and Construct Redundancy, Frank L. Schmidt, Le H., In-Sue Oh
  • Assessing moderating effects in meta-analysis: A re-analysis of top management support studies and suggestions for researchers, M. I. Hwang, Frank L. Schmidt, European Journal of Information Systems, vol 20, 2011, 693-702
  • A Theory of Sex Differences in Technical Aptitude and Some Supporting Evidence , Frank L. Schmidt, Perspectives on Psychological Science, vol 6, 2011, 560 - 573
  • The impact of research synthesis methods on Industrial/Organizational Psychology: The road from pessimism to optimism about cumulative knowledge, David DeGeest, Frank L. Schmidt, Research Synthesis Methods, vol 1, 2011, 185 - 197
  • Interview with Frank Schmidt at the 2010 Conference of the International Society for Intelligence Research, Frank L. Schmidt, , The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist, vol 48, 2011, 21 - 29
  • A Meta-Analysis of Associations between "Big" Personality Traits and Common Axis I Mental Disorders, Roman Kotov, David Watson, W. Gamez, Frank L. Schmidt, Psychological Bulletin, vol 136, 2010, 768 - 821.
  • Can Synthetic Validity Methods Attain Discriminant Validity? , Frank L. Schmidt, In-Sue Oh, Industrial and Organizational Psychology: Perspectives on Science and Practice, vol 3, 2010, 344 - 350
  • The problem of empirical redundancy of constructs in organizational research: An empirical investigation, Huy Le, Frank L. Schmidt, Harter K. James, Kristy J. Lauver, , , , , Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, vol 112, 2010, 112 - 125
  • Treatment of psychotic symptoms in bipolar disorder with aripiprazole, K. N. Fountoulakis, X. Gonda, E. Vieta, Frank L. Schmidt, Annals of General Psychiatry, vol 8, 2010
  • Causal Impact of Employee Work Perceptions on the Bottom Line of Organizations, James K. Harter, Frank L. Schmidt, J. Asplund, E. A. Kilham, Perspectives on Psychological Science, vol 5, 2010, 378 - 389
  • How to Detect and Correct the Lies that Data Tell, Frank L. Schmidt, Perspectives on Psychological Science, vol 5, 2010, 233 - 242
  • The Graduate Management Admissions Tests (GMAT) is more valid than we thought: A new development in meta-analysis and its implications for the validity of the GMAT, In-Sue Oh, Jonathan A. Shaffer, Frank L. Schmidt, Academy of Management Learning and Development, vol 7, 2009, 174 - 179
  • Fixed versus Random Effects Models in Meta-Analysis: Model Properties and an Empirical Comparison of Differences in Results, Frank L. Schmidt, In-Sue Oh, Theodore Hayes, British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology, vol 62, 2009, 97 - 128
  • The multi-faceted nature of measurement error and its implications for measurement error corrections, Huy Le, Frank L. Schmidt, D. J. Putka, Organizational Research Methods, vol 12, 2009, 165 - 200
  • Conceptual verses empirical distinctions among constructs: Implications for discriminant validity, Frank L. Schmidt, James K. Harter, Industrial and Organizational Psychology: Perspectives on Science and Practice, vol 1, 2008, 36 - 39
  • Increased accuracy for range restriction corrections: Implications for the role of personality and general mental ability in job and training performance, Frank L. Schmidt, Jonathon Shaffer, In-Sue Oh, Personnel Psychology, vol 61, 2008, 827 - 868
  • Meta-analysis: A constantly evolving research integration tool, Frank L. Schmidt, Organizational Research Methods, vol 11, 2008, 96 - 113
  • No new terrain: Reliability and construct validity of job performance ratings, C. Viswesvaran, Deniz S. Ones, Frank L. Schmidt, Industrial and Organizational Psychology: Perspectives on Science and Practice, vol 1, 2008, 174 -179
  • Increased accuracy for range restriction: Implications for the role of personality and general mental ability in job and training performance, Frank L. Schmidt, In-Sue Oh, Jonathan Shaffer, Personnel Psychology, vol 61, 2008, 827 - 868

        Other Work

        • Meta-Analysis (in Chapter 22 Comprehensive Handbook of Psychology, Vol 2: Research Methods in Psychology), Frank L. Schmidt, Research Methods in Psychology (J. Shinka & W. Velicer, eds.), Wiley, vol Chapter 22, 2013, 571-594 - Publication Details Forthcoming
        • Rethinking the validity of unstructured interviews: Implications of recent developments in meta-analysis, Frank L. Schmidt, Bennett E. Postlethwaite , Tamera L. Giluk, D. J. Svyantek & K. Mahoney (Eds.), Received wisdom, kernels of truth, and boundary conditions in organizational studies. Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing. Pp. 297 - 329 , 2013, 297 - 329
        • Meta-Analysis, Frank L. Schmidt, Comprehensive Handbook of Psychology, vol. 2: Research Methods in Psychology. J. Shinka & W. Velicer (Eds.) Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, vol 2, 2013, 571 - 594
        • The economic value of goal setting to employers, Frank L. Schmidt, Routledge, 2013
        • For better performance, hire on intelligence, Frank L. Schmidt, In-Sue Oh, Jonathan A. Shaffer
        • Select on Intelligence, Frank L. Schmidt, In E.A. Locke (Ed.), Basic Principles of Organizational Behavior. (2nd Ed.) Blackwell Publishers, 2009, 3 - 17
        • Correcting for the distorting effects of study artifacts in meta-analysis, Frank L. Schmidt, Huy A. Le, In-Sue Oh, , In Hedges, L.V., Cooper, H., & Valentine, J.C. (Eds.), (2009) Handbook of research synthesis (2nd Ed.) Russell Sage Foundation, 2009, 317 - 333

            Review and Editorial Work

            • Referee, Personality and Individual Differences, 1990 - current
            • Referee, Personnel Psychology, 1975 - current
            • Referee, Various other journals, 1970 - current

            Professional Affiliations

            • Editorial Board Member, Review of Work and Organizational Psychology, February 2009 - current
            • Editorial Board Member, International Journal of Selection and Assessment, 2001 - current
            • Editorial Board Member, Sage Quantitative Series in the Social Sciences, 1994 - current
            • Editorial Board Member, Human Resource Management Review, 1991 - current
            • Associate Editor, Research Synthesis Methods Journal, May 2008 - December 2012
            • Editorial Board Member, Psychological Methods, 2004 - 2012
            • Editorial Board Member, Journal of Applied Psychology, July 1972 - September 2002

            Presentations

            • Second order meta-analysis: statistical methods and illustrative applications., Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference, Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Chicago, 2012
            • Employee engagement and business unit performance: Effects on sales, customer loyalty, employee retention, and financial performance., Employee Engagement Conference at ACT, ACT, Iowa City, IA, July 2011
            • The Five-Factor Model of personality and job performance in East Asia, Society of Industrial-Organizational Psychology, Society of Industrial-Organizational Psychology, San Diego California, April 2011
            • ISIR Distinguished Research Contributor Interview, 11th Annual Conference of the International Society for Intelligence Research, International Society for Intelligence Research, Alexandria, VA, December 2010
            • The validity and utility of job selection methods in personnel psychology: Practical implications of 98 years of research findings as shown by meta-analysis, 9th Annual Meeting on Psychological Assessment, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil., September 2010
            • Second Order Met-Analysis, 5th Annual Conference of the Society for Research Synthesis Methods, Society for Research Synthesis Methods, Cartagena, Spain, July 2010
            • How to Detect and Correct the Lies that Data Tell, University of Central Florida, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL, February 2010
            • How to Detect and Correct the Lies that Data Tell, Fordham University, Fordham University, NY, NY (Manhatten Campus), October 2009
            • The Methodological and Conceptual Basis for Estimation of Correlations between Constructs: Implications for Construct Validity and Construct Redundancy, Fordham University, Fordham University, NY, NY (Bronx Campus), October 2009
            • How to Detect and Correct the Lies that Data Tell, University of Alberta, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, September 2009
            • How to Detect and Correct the Lies that Data Tell, National University of Singapore, National University of Singapore, Singapore, August 2009
            • Detecting and correcting the lies that data tell and solving the problem of construct proliferation, Invited Presentation, Penn State University, State College, PA, February 2009
            • Fixed vs. random effects model in meta-analysis: Model properties and an empirical comparison of differences in results, International Workshop on Meta-Analysis in Economics and Business, University of Nancy, Nancy, France, October 2008
            • Correcting biases and error in research data, Summer School for Advanced Work in Organizational Psychology, Various German Universities, Berlin, Germany, September 2008
            • Detecting and correcting the lies that data tell., Association for Psychological Science, Association for Psychological Science, Chicago, Ill., May 2008
            • Distortion of results in the psychology research literature resulting from use of fixed effects models in meta-analysis, Invited Presentation, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, May 2008
            • The excessive emphasis on theory in our journals is retarding both applied and theoretical progress in I/O psychology, Conference of Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, San Francisco, April 2008
            • Why business colleges are an opportunity for I/O psychology, not a threat, Conference of Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, San Francisco, April 2008
            • Indirect range restriction: Recalibrating the validities of GMA and personality, Conference of Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, San Francisco, April 2008
            • Do structured and unstructure interviews have near equal validity? Implications of recent developments in meta-analysis, Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference, Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, NY, NY, April 2007
            • Scientific, technical, and legal status of validity generalization at work: is it legal to be scienfic?, Conference of Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Society of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Dallas, TX, 2006

              Committees and Professional Service

              • Deans Advisory Committee, 2010-current
              • PhD Admissions Committee, 2010-current
              • College Promotion and Tenure Committee, 2007-2009
              • Department of Management and Organizations, 2004-2007