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Frank Schmidt
Professor Emeritus - May 2012
Contact
319-335-0855
Office
W316 Pappajohn Business Building (PBB)
Academic history 
PhD in Industrial Psychology, Purdue University, 1970
MS in Industrial Psychology, Purdue University, 1968
BA in Psychology, Bellarmine College, 1966
Expertise 
Employment testing (particularly validity generalization)
Kinds and organizations of human abilities
Measurement issues in social science research; implications of same for scientific parsimony.
Quantitative Research Methods (including meta-analysis)
Racial and sex differences in the workplace
Relation of selection and other personnel programs to workforce productivity and output
Awards 
Dunnette Prize for Contributions to Individual Differences Research, Society for Industrial-Organizational Psychology, April 2015
2013 Gold Medal Lifetime Achievement Award for Applications of Psychology, American Psychological Foundation , August 2013
2013 Ingram Olkin Award for contributions to meta-analysis methods , Society for Research Synthesis Methods, June 2013
2013 Frederick Mosteller Award for Distinctive Contributions to Methods for Systematic Reviewing of Research Findings, Campbell Collaboration, May 2013
Deans Teaching Award, Tippie College of Business, March 2011
Thomas A. Mahoney Student Mentorship Award, Academy of Management, Human Resources Division, February 2011
Distinguished Research Contributor Interviewee, International Society for Intelligence Research, December 2010
Anne Anastasi Memorial Lecturer for 2009, Fordham Univeristy, October 2009
Graduate College Outstanding Mentor Award: Social Science, U. of Iowa Graduate College, November 2008
99th Percentile in Citation Rate, Journal of Management, August 2008
James McKeen Cattell Award for Scientific Contributions to Applied Psychology. From the Association for Psychological Science, 2007., Association for Psychological Science, May 2008
2007 Career Award for Scientific Contributions. Awarded by the Association of Test Publishers. Presented February 6, 2007, in Palm Springs, CA., Association of Test Publishers, March 2007
Michael R. Losey Human Resource Award, Society for Human Resource Management (SHRM), June 2005
Moskowitz Prize , Moskowitz Financial Organization, November 2004
Outstanding Publication in Organizational Behavior Award. Presented for research paper published with James Harter and Ted Hayes using data from the Gallup Organization. Presented by the Organizational Behavior Division of the Academy of Management., Academy of Management, Organizational Behavior Division, 2003
Distinguished Career Achievement Award, Academy of Management, Research Methods Division, 2002
Distinguished Service Award for Research, U.S. Office of Personnel Management, April 2002
Heneman Distinguished Career Achievement Award, Academy of Management, Human Resources Division, 1995
Distinguished Scientific Contributions Award, Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology (SIOP), April 1995
Distinguished Scientific Contributions Award, American Psychological Association, May 1994
Cattell Research Design Award, American Psychological Association, Division of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 1976
Earnest Myers Research Award, Kentucky Psychological Association, May 1966
Selected publications 

College Performance and Retention: A Meta-Analysis of the Predictive Validities of ACT Scores, High School Grades, and SES. Paul A. Westrick , Steve B. Robbins, J. M. R. Radunzel, Frank L. Schmidt, Educational Assessment , 2015, vol 20, 23-45

History and Development of the Schmidt-Hunter Meta-Analysis Methods. Frank L. Schmidt, Research Synthesis Method (forthcoming)

Measurement Error Obfuscates Scientific Knowledge: Path to Cumulative Knowledge Requires Corrections for Unreliability and Psychometric Meta-Analysis. C. Viswesvaran, Deniz S. Ones , Frank L. Schmidt, Industrial and Organizationa Psychology: Perspectives on Science and Practice, 2015, vol 7, 507 - 518

Is the Structure of Personality Described by the Circumplex Model? Theoretical and Methodological Issues and Two Large Sample Empirical Tests. David S. DeGeest, Frank L. Schmidt, Multivariate Behavior Research, 2015, vol 50, 550 - 364

A general theoretical integrative model of the individual differences variables of abilities and interests and achievement: A commentary on four recent articles. Frank L. Schmidt, Perspectives on Psychological Science , 2014

Are true scores and constructs the same? A critical examination of their sbustitutability and the implications for research results. Frank L. Schmidt, Huy Le, In-Sue Oh, International Journal of Selection and Assessment , 2013, vol 21, 341-354

Methods for Second Order Meta-Analysis and Illustrative Applications. Frank L. Schmidt, In-Sue Oh, Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 2013, vol 121, 204-218

Visual Skills and Chinese Reading Acquisition: A Meta-Analysis of Correlation Evidence. Frank L. Schmidt, Educational Psychology Review , 2013, vol 25, 115 - 143

Visual skills and Chinese reading acquistion: A meta-analysis of correlational evidence. L-Y Yang, J. P. Guo, L. C. Richman, Frank L. Schmidt, Y. Ding, K. C. Gerken, Educational Psychology Review , 2013, vol 25, 115 - 143

I-O psychologists and intelligence research: Active, aware, and applied. Frank L. Schmidt, Postlethwiate B. , Gulik T., Industrial and Organizational Psychology: Perspectives on Research and Practice, 2012, vol 5, 190 - 192

Cognitive tests used in selection can have content validity as well as criterion validity: A broader research review and implications for practice. Frank L. Schmidt, International Journal of Selection and Assessment, 2012, vol 20, 1 - 13

Content validity and cognitive tests: Response to Kehoe (2012), Ployhart (2012), and Sackett (2012). Frank L. Schmidt, International Journal of Selection and Assessment, 2012, vol 20, 28 - 35

Assessing moderating effects in meta-analysis: A re-analysis of top management support studies and suggestions for researchers. M. I. Hwang, Frank L. Schmidt, European Journal of Information Systems, 2011, vol 20, 693-702

A Theory of Sex Differences in Technical Aptitude and Some Supporting Evidence. Frank L. Schmidt, Perspectives on Psychological Science, 2011, vol 6, 560 - 573

The impact of research synthesis methods on Industrial/Organizational Psychology: The road from pessimism to optimism about cumulative knowledge. David DeGeest, Frank L. Schmidt, Research Synthesis Methods, 2011, vol 1, 185 - 197

Interview with Frank Schmidt at the 2010 Conference of the International Society for Intelligence Research. Frank L. Schmidt, The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist, 2011, vol 48, 21 - 29

A Meta-Analysis of Associations between "Big" Personality Traits and Common Axis I Mental Disorders. Roman Kotov, David Watson, W. Gamez, Frank L. Schmidt, Psychological Bulletin, 2010, vol 136, 768 - 821.

Can Synthetic Validity Methods Attain Discriminant Validity?. Frank L. Schmidt, In-Sue Oh, Industrial and Organizational Psychology: Perspectives on Science and Practice, 2010, vol 3, 344 - 350

The problem of empirical redundancy of constructs in organizational research: An empirical investigation. Huy Le, Frank L. Schmidt, Harter K. James, Kristy J. Lauver, Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 2010, vol 112, 112 - 125

Treatment of psychotic symptoms in bipolar disorder with aripiprazole. K. N. Fountoulakis, X. Gonda, E. Vieta, Frank L. Schmidt, Annals of General Psychiatry, 2010, vol 8

Causal Impact of Employee Work Perceptions on the Bottom Line of Organizations. James K. Harter, Frank L. Schmidt, J. Asplund, E. A. Kilham, Perspectives on Psychological Science, 2010, vol 5, 378 - 389

How to Detect and Correct the Lies that Data Tell. Frank L. Schmidt, Perspectives on Psychological Science, 2010, vol 5, 233 - 242

The Graduate Management Admissions Tests (GMAT) is more valid than we thought: A new development in meta-analysis and its implications for the validity of the GMAT. In-Sue Oh, Jonathan A. Shaffer, Frank L. Schmidt, Academy of Management Learning and Development, 2009, vol 7, 174 - 179

Fixed versus Random Effects Models in Meta-Analysis: Model Properties and an Empirical Comparison of Differences in Results. Frank L. Schmidt, In-Sue Oh, Theodore Hayes, British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology, 2009, vol 62, 97 - 128

The multi-faceted nature of measurement error and its implications for measurement error corrections. Huy Le, Frank L. Schmidt, D. J. Putka, Organizational Research Methods, 2009, vol 12, 165 - 200

Conceptual verses empirical distinctions among constructs: Implications for discriminant validity. Frank L. Schmidt, James K. Harter, Industrial and Organizational Psychology: Perspectives on Science and Practice, 2008, vol 1, 36 - 39

Increased accuracy for range restriction corrections: Implications for the role of personality and general mental ability in job and training performance. Frank L. Schmidt, Jonathon Shaffer, In-Sue Oh, Personnel Psychology, 2008, vol 61, 827 - 868

Meta-analysis: A constantly evolving research integration tool. Frank L. Schmidt, Organizational Research Methods, 2008, vol 11, 96 - 113

No new terrain: Reliability and construct validity of job performance ratings. C. Viswesvaran, Deniz S. Ones, Frank L. Schmidt, Industrial and Organizational Psychology: Perspectives on Science and Practice, 2008, vol 1, 174 -179

Increased accuracy for range restriction: Implications for the role of personality and general mental ability in job and training performance. Frank L. Schmidt, In-Sue Oh, Jonathan Shaffer, Personnel Psychology, 2008, vol 61, 827 - 868

Other work 

Meta-Analysis (in Chapter 22 Comprehensive Handbook of Psychology, Vol 2: Research Methods in Psychology). Frank L. Schmidt, Research Methods in Psychology (J. Shinka & W. Velicer, eds.), Wiley (forthcoming), Meta-analysis (John Schinka and Wayne Velicer, eds.), 2013, vol Chapter 22, 571-594

Rethinking the validity of unstructured interviews: Implications of recent developments in meta-analysis. Frank L. Schmidt, Bennett E. Postlethwaite , Tamera L. Giluk, D. J. Svyantek & K. Mahoney (Eds.), Received wisdom, kernels of truth, and boundary conditions in organizational studies. Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing. Pp. 297 - 329 , 2013, 297 - 329

Well-being in the Workplace and its Contribution to Business Outcomes. Jim K. Harter , Frank L. Schmidt, C. L. Keyes, 2013

Meta-Analysis. Frank L. Schmidt, Comprehensive Handbook of Psychology, vol. 2: Research Methods in Psychology. J. Shinka & W. Velicer (Eds.) Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2013, vol 2, 571 - 594

The economic value of goal setting to employers. Frank L. Schmidt, Routledge, 2013

Select on Intelligence. Frank L. Schmidt, In E.A. Locke (Ed.), Basic Principles of Organizational Behavior. (2nd Ed.) Blackwell Publishers, 2009, 3 - 17

Correcting for the distorting effects of study artifacts in meta-analysis. Frank L. Schmidt, Huy A. Le, In-Sue Oh, In Hedges, L.V., Cooper, H., & Valentine, J.C. (Eds.), (2009) Handbook of research synthesis (2nd Ed.) Russell Sage Foundation, 2009, 317 - 333

Review and editorial work 

Editorial Board Member, Psychological Bulletin, January 2010 - Current

Editorial Board Member, Work and Organizational Psychology, February 2009 - Current

Editorial Board Member, International Journal of Selection and Assessment, 2001 - Current

Editorial Board Member, Human Resource Management Review, 1991 - Current

Referee, Personality and Individual Differences, 1990 - Current

Referee, Various other journals, 1970 - Current

Associate Editor, Research Synthesis Methods Journal, May 2008 - December 2012

Editorial Board Member, Psychological Methods, 2004 - 2012

Editorial Board Member, Sage Quantitative Series in the Social Sciences, 1994 - 2012

Editorial Board Member, Journal of Applied Psychology, July 1972 - September 2002

Referee, Personnel Psychology, 1975 - 1995

Presentations 

Second order meta-analysis: statistical methods and illustrative applications.. Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference, Chicago, 2012

Employee engagement and business unit performance: Effects on sales, customer loyalty, employee retention, and financial performance.. Employee Engagement Conference at ACT, Iowa City, IA, July 2011

The Five-Factor Model of personality and job performance in East Asia. Society of Industrial-Organizational Psychology, San Diego California, April 2011

ISIR Distinguished Research Contributor Interview. 11th Annual Conference of the International Society for Intelligence Research, Alexandria, VA, December 2010

The validity and utility of job selection methods in personnel psychology: Practical implications of 98 years of research findings as shown by meta-analysis. 9th Annual Meeting on Psychological Assessment, Belo Horizonte, Brazil., September 2010

Second Order Met-Analysis. 5th Annual Conference of the Society for Research Synthesis Methods, Cartagena, Spain, July 2010

How to Detect and Correct the Lies that Data Tell. University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL, February 2010

How to Detect and Correct the Lies that Data Tell. Fordham University, NY, NY (Manhatten Campus), October 2009

The Methodological and Conceptual Basis for Estimation of Correlations between Constructs: Implications for Construct Validity and Construct Redundancy. Fordham University, NY, NY (Bronx Campus), October 2009

How to Detect and Correct the Lies that Data Tell. University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, September 2009

How to Detect and Correct the Lies that Data Tell. National University of Singapore, Singapore, August 2009

Detecting and correcting the lies that data tell and solving the problem of construct proliferation. Invited Presentation, State College, PA, February 2009

Fixed vs. random effects model in meta-analysis: Model properties and an empirical comparison of differences in results. International Workshop on Meta-Analysis in Economics and Business, Nancy, France, October 2008

Correcting biases and error in research data. Summer School for Advanced Work in Organizational Psychology, Berlin, Germany, September 2008

Detecting and correcting the lies that data tell.. Association for Psychological Science, Chicago, Ill., May 2008

Distortion of results in the psychology research literature resulting from use of fixed effects models in meta-analysis. Invited Presentation, Minneapolis, MN, May 2008

The excessive emphasis on theory in our journals is retarding both applied and theoretical progress in I/O psychology. Conference of Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, San Francisco, April 2008

Why business colleges are an opportunity for I/O psychology, not a threat. Conference of Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, San Francisco, April 2008

Indirect range restriction: Recalibrating the validities of GMA and personality. Conference of Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, San Francisco, April 2008

Do structured and unstructure interviews have near equal validity? Implications of recent developments in meta-analysis. Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference, NY, NY, April 2007

Scientific, technical, and legal status of validity generalization at work: is it legal to be scienfic?. Conference of Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Dallas, TX, 2006

Committees and professional service 
Deans Advisory Committee, 2010 - Current
PhD Admissions Committee, 2010 - Current
College Promotion and Tenure Committee, 2007 - 2009
Department of Management and Organizations, 2004 - 2007